Abstract durability of concrete in most economical manner.

Abstract

The
rapid development in concrete material technology, leads to revolutionary
development in the construction of major structure. Such development requires
special concrete which have to accomplish multiple demands such as high
strength, workability, ductility under overload and earthquake .High
performance concrete are specially designed to meet the requirement of such
major structure. Revolutionary development in Indian construction industry has
raised the use of interlocking concrete pavement block in different areas where
conventional Construction of pavement is not feasible. Recent studies show that
in modern construction practices, the industrial chemical waste or by products
are used in concrete. The industrial waste which can be easily procured and have
possibility to be used in concrete effectively is used engine oil. This work
aims to investigate the effect of used engine oil on the performance of fresh
and hardened properties of high strength ICPB.

KEYWORDS
– used engine oil, interlocking concrete pavement block, high strength
concrete, ductility, workability.

I. Introduction

This
investigation aim to examine the performance and alteration in fresh and
hardened properties of high strength interlocking concrete pavement block of
M60 grade by using mineral admixture, over the years the application of high
strength concrete has taken its due place in Indian construction scenario. The
application of high strength concrete is found to be common in many different
countries. High strength

 

Concrete
ranging from 40 MPA to 80 MPA has been used in India for various different
heavy structures. The most important aspect of high strength concrete is mix
design. According to IS the mix design is defined as “the process of selecting
suitable ingredient of concrete and determining their relative proportion with
the objects of producing concrete of certain minimum strength and durability as
economical as possible. The capital aim of mix design is to accomplish the
minimum stipulated strength and durability of concrete in most economical
manner. For proportioning in connection with a concrete mixes the four major
factor are 1.Water cement ratio 2. Cement content 3. Gradation of aggregate
4.consistency, with the advent of special additive, it has been feasible to
produce the concrete of higher strength as compared to normal one. These
special additives may be in the forms of chemical and mineral admixture. latest
research suggest that there is a worldwide trend to investigate the practical
and serviceable implementation of processed and unprocessed municipal or
industrial product or by product as raw or additive  ingredient in concrete. The object of such
investigation is to fold. The first objective is to conserve the environment
from the ill effect of such waste by reusing it in another form. The second
objective is reducing the cost of concrete by replacing waste material with
original material or substituting the waste material as additives, this will
also help in reducing the cost of treatment and disposal of waste many of
non-recyclable waste can be used as mineral additive and admixture which can
improve the fresh and hardened property of concrete. Latest survey report that
more than 55% of used engine oil is thrown away by users in the environment without
any treatment. The UEO is a lubricant which function is those separate the
different part of machine and reduce the friction. ICPB technique extensively
used in heavy traffic and very heavy traffic areas in many part of worlds. Now
a day in India there is a trend of using high strength IPCB in highway pavement
or in terminals area, where other method of construction is not feasible.

II. Literature survey

Md.
Ashraful Alam and B. Hidayah carried out the research on used cooking oil as
mineral admixture in concrete. They investigate the compressive strength and
slump value property. It was noted that the compressive strength increases with
the increment of UCO up to 2%, and the slump value also increases with the
increment of dosage of UCO.

Sanjay Srivastava and Dr S.S Jain
carried out the investigation on high strength concrete of m60 grade for high
pavement for heavy vehicle. They develop high strength concrete of m60 grade by
using fly ash. They examine the different properties of concrete. They
concluded that 11% fly ash by weight of cement can be effectively used to produce
high strength concrete, which results in greater saving in cement and reduction
in heat

III. Research
objectives

1.
An attempt to improve the quality of concrete by reusing different waste
materials as additive

2.
To design the high strength concrete in economical manner.

3. To develop the
concept of recycling the waste material in construction sector, which helps in
reducing the cost of building materials and it’s also saves environment

Abstract

The
rapid development in concrete material technology, leads to revolutionary
development in the construction of major structure. Such development requires
special concrete which have to accomplish multiple demands such as high
strength, workability, ductility under overload and earthquake .High
performance concrete are specially designed to meet the requirement of such
major structure. Revolutionary development in Indian construction industry has
raised the use of interlocking concrete pavement block in different areas where
conventional Construction of pavement is not feasible. Recent studies show that
in modern construction practices, the industrial chemical waste or by products
are used in concrete. The industrial waste which can be easily procured and have
possibility to be used in concrete effectively is used engine oil. This work
aims to investigate the effect of used engine oil on the performance of fresh
and hardened properties of high strength ICPB.

KEYWORDS
– used engine oil, interlocking concrete pavement block, high strength
concrete, ductility, workability.

I. Introduction

This
investigation aim to examine the performance and alteration in fresh and
hardened properties of high strength interlocking concrete pavement block of
M60 grade by using mineral admixture, over the years the application of high
strength concrete has taken its due place in Indian construction scenario. The
application of high strength concrete is found to be common in many different
countries. High strength

 

Concrete
ranging from 40 MPA to 80 MPA has been used in India for various different
heavy structures. The most important aspect of high strength concrete is mix
design. According to IS the mix design is defined as “the process of selecting
suitable ingredient of concrete and determining their relative proportion with
the objects of producing concrete of certain minimum strength and durability as
economical as possible. The capital aim of mix design is to accomplish the
minimum stipulated strength and durability of concrete in most economical
manner. For proportioning in connection with a concrete mixes the four major
factor are 1.Water cement ratio 2. Cement content 3. Gradation of aggregate
4.consistency, with the advent of special additive, it has been feasible to
produce the concrete of higher strength as compared to normal one. These
special additives may be in the forms of chemical and mineral admixture. latest
research suggest that there is a worldwide trend to investigate the practical
and serviceable implementation of processed and unprocessed municipal or
industrial product or by product as raw or additive  ingredient in concrete. The object of such
investigation is to fold. The first objective is to conserve the environment
from the ill effect of such waste by reusing it in another form. The second
objective is reducing the cost of concrete by replacing waste material with
original material or substituting the waste material as additives, this will
also help in reducing the cost of treatment and disposal of waste many of
non-recyclable waste can be used as mineral additive and admixture which can
improve the fresh and hardened property of concrete. Latest survey report that
more than 55% of used engine oil is thrown away by users in the environment without
any treatment. The UEO is a lubricant which function is those separate the
different part of machine and reduce the friction. ICPB technique extensively
used in heavy traffic and very heavy traffic areas in many part of worlds. Now
a day in India there is a trend of using high strength IPCB in highway pavement
or in terminals area, where other method of construction is not feasible.

II. Literature survey

Md.
Ashraful Alam and B. Hidayah carried out the research on used cooking oil as
mineral admixture in concrete. They investigate the compressive strength and
slump value property. It was noted that the compressive strength increases with
the increment of UCO up to 2%, and the slump value also increases with the
increment of dosage of UCO.

Sanjay Srivastava and Dr S.S Jain
carried out the investigation on high strength concrete of m60 grade for high
pavement for heavy vehicle. They develop high strength concrete of m60 grade by
using fly ash. They examine the different properties of concrete. They
concluded that 11% fly ash by weight of cement can be effectively used to produce
high strength concrete, which results in greater saving in cement and reduction
in heat

III. Research
objectives

1.
An attempt to improve the quality of concrete by reusing different waste
materials as additive

2.
To design the high strength concrete in economical manner.

3. To develop the
concept of recycling the waste material in construction sector, which helps in
reducing the cost of building materials and it’s also saves environment