Blake Muchnick Period 5 The Spectacularity of Science

Blake Muchnick

Period 5

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The Spectacularity of Science

“Science and everyday life cannot and
should not be separated”-Rosalind Franklin. These famous words express the idea
that science is essential to expanding and advancing mankind. Science has
served as the backbone of advancement in numerous fields, specifically medical
and technological, and challenged the complex human mind of everyday people. It
has impacted societal growth and allowed for unthinkable innovations to
develop. In the science fiction novel Frankenstein
by Mary Shelly, Victor’s creation displays a glimpse of the unfulfilled
potential in which science still has yet to advance to. While this novel
emphasizes the need for regulation, the possibility for revolutionary
discoveries makes the exploration worthwhile. Further development into
scientific capabilities empowers mankind to create new treatments to life
threatening diseases, form another solution to infertility, and reproduce
organs for transplant procedures, overall benefiting society and saving lives
for future generations.

As science evolves, the possibilities
of diseases that can be cured from therapeutic cloning are endless. Therapeutic
cloning refers to the formulation of embryonic stem cells. Stem cells have the
ability to mature into a variety of cells and “may one day be able to help
correct many conditions previously thought of as incurable from leukemia to
paralysis to Parkinson’s” (Cures and Clones). One example of therapeutic
cloning corresponds to a study in which an adolescent boy with a rare heart
disease, Sanfilippo Syndrome B, was corrected.  This previously incurable disease often
resulted “in liver, heart, and brain failure” (Cures and Clones). For the first time though, “a girl’s healthy cells had
settled in the boy’s heart and transformed themselves into fully functional
heart cells” (Cures and
Clones). This was a major scientific achievement that saved the life of a helpless
young boy. It also sparks the inquisition of what may one day occur and what
other diseases can be cured if therapeutic cloning is delved into.

Further exploration into science and
the cloning of embryonic stem cells can solve the austere problem of
infertility. Many couples endure the complications of not being able to have
children, and while adoption and other methods are available, reproductive
cloning would allow for their children to be created from their DNA. For
instance, “an infertile man can have
sperm cloned and the undamaged sperm used. Likewise, an infertile woman can
have an egg cloned and the fertile egg used for conception” (Tignu). Despite
this fact, many argue that it is unethical and immoral for babies to be formed
from cloned DNA. Reproductive cloning would open the possibility for couples to
be able to choose which genes and chromosomes are chosen in their children. The
opposition say that parents would therefore attempt to ensure their children
are “less likely to get certain diseases and more likely to be taller,
artistic, or athletic” (Long). This then raises the question if genetically
designed people are equivalent to non-genetically designed people and whether
or not it is legitimate for them to “compete against those who are not, such as
in events like the Olympics” (Long). While well aware of the arguments against
the idea of reproductive cloning, if monitored correctly, it will allow couples
to fix their problem of infertility and see the possibility of having children
in a new light.  The positive aspects of
solving the issue of infertility as well as other benefits from increased
exploration of science and therapeutic cloning outweigh the negatives and are
substantially beneficial to the growth of mankind.

Organ cloning is another pivotal
advantage of deeper inquiries into science. As of 2018,

“every ten minutes someone is added to the national
transplant waiting list, 20 people die each day waiting for an organ
transplant, and over 115,000 people (and rising) need a lifesaving organ transplant”
(Data). Organ cloning could potentially eliminate this worldwide problem
entirely, saving the lives of hundreds each week. While further research needs
to be conducted, numerous organ cloning trials have been performed on animals for
decades. One of the most famous cloning procedures is “Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from an
adult cell” (Cloning Dolly). This sheep was genetically identical to its parent
and “was a major scientific achievement as it demonstrated that the DNA from
adult cells, despite having specialized as one particular type of cell, can be
used to create an entire organism” (Cloning Dolly). While this scenario correlates
to an animal, the capability of what cloning could one day amount to is still
present. The pressing need to continue research on cloning and allow its
scientific development is more important now then ever, as the possibility to
save hundreds of thousands of lives is within reach.

Expansion into the scientific field will advance the progression of
human cloning and benefit society as a whole by providing solutions to lethal
diseases, establishing another option to infertility, and replicating organs for
transplant procedures. For these reasons, scientific expansion should be
permitted on a large scale as long as moderation is in place. The endless possibilities
and prosperity society could potentially endure outweigh the opposing arguments
related to the immoral and unethical aspect of science. Based on the multitude
of lives that can be saved, the ability to cure many “incurable” diseases, and a
new alternative for families to produce children from their own DNA, science
and everyday life should be considered as one.

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

“Cloning Dolly the Sheep.” Cloning Dolly the Sheep, www.animalresearch.info/en/medical-advances/timeline/cloning-dolly-the-sheep/.

“Cures and Clones: Stem Cells in the News.” Understanding Genetics,
genetics.thetech.org/original_news/news5.

“Data.” Unos, unos.org/data/.

Tingnu. Human Cloning Is the Cure for
Infertility, www.humancloning.org/infertil.php.

 

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