Economic with issues such as corruption and reconstruction
Posted On May 26, 2019
Economic and Social CouncilMain sponsor: Federal Republic of GermanyCo-sponsors: People’s Republic of China, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Russian Federation, United States of America, French RepublicSignatories: Japan, Republic of the Sudan, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Kingdom of CambodiaThe Economic and Social Council,Guided by the work of the Peacebuilding Commission, Emphasizing the urgency of dealing with issues such as corruption and reconstruction of infrastructure in order to foster post-conflict sustainable development, Recognizing the work that has been been done by the United Nations and all of its bodies thus far;Calls upon all Member States to ratify the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC);Invites the members of the Economic and Social Council to start official collaboration with non-state actors concerned with investigating corruption such as the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) in order to:gather data regarding corruption in countries experiencing reoccurrence of conflict within their territory;validate that data for the Economic and Social Council’s objectives specified in clause;3. Recommends to establish offices under the name ‘Post-Conflict Reconstruction Offices’ (PCRO) in countries both in intra and inter-state conflict in order to:monitor individuals and/or parts of the government (both private and public sectors) which have displayed signs of corruption with reference to the current Global Corruption Index;advise and refer the aforementioned stakeholders to the guidelines for anti-corruption measures;identify those who are unlawfully governing and bring them to justice through international bodies such as the ICC, the ICJ and the national government;make sure that the country is, at least in the long run, committed to meeting their energy needs with renewable resources according to what is accessible, affordable and reliable within the country;4. Encourages developed countries to limit long term aid in efforts to make reconstruction sustainable, instead we should:invest in rebuilding infrastructure which is mostly focused on public goods such as hospitals, roads, schools, places of worship which will focus on holistic care of civilians;focus on using the PCROs as our main means for helping the countries at war in order to make sure that our efforts are being suitably used and that the national government is able to sustain the country’s development;5. Recommends that developed countries do not contribute more than 1% of their GDP towards foreign aid after suitable infrastructure has been built within conflict zones, and rather encourages export-relying economies to encourage private companies within the country to increase foreign direct investment; 6. Endorses nations to, as above mentioned, cap their foreign aid to no more than 1% if the following conditions are met: a. If the GDP growth is at a level significantly higher than that of the one prior to the current conflict; b. If education levels are significantly improved and reach a standard at where literacy level surpasses 40% within the nation which is the world average according to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); c. If health levels are brought to a reasonable level of 70% of the population being in the healthy parameter in the blood test such as having an appropriate level of iron and cholesterol levels; 7. Suggests to the United Nations Security Council that the peacekeeping forces become a part of post-conflict development to:Guarantee the compliance of all parties with such agreements as have been made in conclusion of the given conflict;Provide assistance to authorities in post-conflict elections;Cooperate with local law enforcement and armed forces in preserving peace, order and the rule of law in regions and situations where they are so instructed to;Provide advice and training to local law enforcement and armed forces;8. Calls upon all nations to refer to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) on the basic principles of treatment of prisoners All prisoners shall be treated with the respect due to their inherent dignity and value as human beings and respect their religious beliefs and cultural principlesPrisoners shall not be discriminated on the grounds of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other statusAll prisoners have the right to engage in activities of education and the right to health services.