“Geography ‘state’ will radically differ from the original
Posted On May 15, 2019
“Geography has been pronounced dead”, this quote from Holton (1998:1), is reflective of the concept of the merging of state borders as a result of globalisation and the evolution of a global state. A state can be defined in a variety of different ways, but there are two key definitions that will be discussed in this essay; the state is an organisation with dominance of powers in addition to the state being a country. Globalisation has been conductive in the changing definitions of the state, especially regarding the role it has on global relationships and public practice. This essay will argue that the notion of a ‘state’ will radically differ from the original definitions and reasons for emergence due to a rise in globalisation. Particular attention will be given to how a state can be defined, what the functions of the state are, in addition to the emergence of the state and how the roles have, and will, change in the future as a result of globalisation.One definition of the state is it’s being equivalent to a country, when in the context of international politics, whereby it holds the characteristics of a defined territory, permanent inhabitants, sovereignty and a working government (Heywood, 2011). Alternatively, the state is a political organisation that has jurisdiction over a nation used to exert power. As a concept, the state is instrumental in the dominance of powers and creating a social order for the collective. The running of a nation varies in accordance to the state dominating groups used to the disadvantage of the ruled, in addition to the insurance of a social order which can be used for the good of the collective (Duverger, 1966). The state has a number of different functions, one of which is to be a primary relation to the law and international legal system that coerces organisations into following rules and regulations (Robinson, 2013). Such enforcement is wholly necessary to ensure the functionalism of the societies the state protects and to follow the ‘General Will’, or in other terms, the existing skeleton of society including the normative consensus (Mann, 1984). Encompassed in the state are ‘public’ institutions made for the collective and funded by the majority through taxation. Such institutions include the courts, military, social security and healthcare – the NHS, for example, in the United Kingdom. Mechanisms and institutions of the state are paramount in the following of the development of the state, and so must be deconstructed in order to explore the emergence and changing nature of the state as a result of globalisation. According to Pierson (1996), sovereignty, authority or legitimacy, territoriality and the control of violence are key features. Similar to defining the state, the emergence of it is also contested.