Great of the Proclamation of 1763 was passed.

Great Britain and the North American colonies started to show
signs of a tense bond between them. The colonists were able to carry on
national and foreign trade without the British officials getting in their way,
due to England having ongoing wars and conflicts. The colonists had some sort
of independence. Then England began to enforce restrictions on colonial trade
and taking away their independence. Laws and taxes began to be placed on the
colonists and the passage of the Proclamation of 1763 was passed. Colonists
were not allowed to move west of the Appalachian Mountains to claim the land
the British had won from the French and Indian war. The colonists were angry,
and many other conflicts occurred.

The colonists had many laws and taxes placed on them that
limited them on what they can do. It was 1764 and the British placed the Sugar
Act which set duties on molasses and sugar imported by colonists. Later, on
March 22, 1765, the Stamp Act was passed and required colonists to pay for an
official stamp, or seal, when they bought paper items. The Declaratory Act
happened in 1766 and gave Parliament the power to make laws for the colonies,
in all cases whatsoever. At this point colonists have basically been robbed of
all their rights and didn’t have a say to try and change it. After the
Declaratory Act, in 1767, the Townshend Acts were passed which placed duties on
glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea. The colonists were extremely angry at this
point and caused many conflicts like The Boston Massacre and The Boston Tea
Party. During the Boston Tea Party, Parliament repeals the Townshend Acts, to
reduce the tension in the colonies. Even though they repealed the Townshend
Acts, Parliament did not take off the tax on tea. The Tea Act followed right
after the Boston Tea Party in 1773. The Sons of Liberty dumped 340 chests of
tea into the harbor. The Intolerable Acts, in 1774, had the Boston Harbor
closed, Royal officials were tried for crimes, the Quartering Act occurred, the
Quebec Act took place, and Thomas Gage become governor of Massachusetts. Many
taxes and acts had been placed on the colonists during a period of 10 years.

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The colonists did not respond too well to the acts and taxes
Parliament passed. Parliament’s actions upset many colonists because they had
gotten used to being independent. The colonists didn’t have any representatives
in Parliament leading many to believe that Britain had no right to tax the
colonies at all without their consent. The stamp act had just been passed and
the colonists had already started to protest. The colonists formed a secret
society called the Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty sometimes used violence
to scare the tax collectors. The Declaratory Act concerned the colonists even
more because the act stripped much of their independence away. The Townshend
Acts had now been passed and the colonist hated it. The act took away the power
the colonial government had. The colonists responded to the Townshend Acts by
boycotting many of the British goods. The Boston Tea Party scared many colonial
merchants because they thought they were going to go out of business because of
the Tea Act. As a result, the colonist united due to the Tea Act. The British
wanted to bring back order in the colonies with the Intolerable Acts, but
instead they angered the colonists more. The colonists were all around mad and
felt like they were treated unfairly by the British.

The First Continental Congress took place in October 1774.
All the colonies except Georgia sent a representative to the meeting. The
colonial leaders gathered because they were deeply troubled about the
relationship between Great Britain and its colonies in America. They debated
between peace or violence and agreed to boycotting British goods, but preparing
for war. Also, they drafted the Declaration of Rights, a list of 10 resolutions
for King George III. The First Continental Congress was mainly to state the
colonists’ worries and ask King George III to fix any problems. The Second
Continental Congress happened in May 1775. King George III refused to do
anything about the concerns listen in the Declaration of Rights. Delegates from
the colonies attempted to represent a Republican Government. Once again, they
compromised, but delegates showed growing dissatisfaction. They asked colonial
authorities for new state constitution. As well as authorizing the
Massachusetts militia to become the continental army. This army would soon
include soldiers from all colonies and would fight against Britain. Congress
then named George Washington commander of the army. On July 5, the delegates
signed the Olive Branch Petition as a final attempt to restore peace. Instead
King George didn’t read it and looked for new ways to punish the colonists.

To conclude, the Declaration of Independence was declared. In
June 1776, the 2nd Continental Congress forms a committee to write
the Declaration of Independence. The document formally announced the colonies’
break from Great Britain. It expressed 3 main ideas. First, all people possess unalienable
rights. Second, Thomas Jefferson asserted that King George III had violated the
colonists’ rights by taxing them without their consent. Third, it states that
the colonies had the right to break from Britain. On July 4th, 1776,
the Continental Congress approves the Declaration of Independence. This act
broke all connections to the British crown. Finally, the United States of
America came to be.

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