In the sustainability strategies, considering all relevant agronomic

                               In India, there is an increase in population for every year. In order to increase the yield, farmers are using an excess amount of fertilizers, mono-cropping and other intensive agricultural practices that result in the destruction of farmlands and food production systems occurred. From this programme, the knowledge attained about the sustainability strategies, considering all relevant agronomic factors will help to increase both productivity and reduce ecological harm. These strategies enable us to use resources like land, water, and energy efficiently to ensure profitability to the farmers of India.

                                 Damage by pest and disease is very high. Farmers are spraying chemical pesticides in uncontrolled amounts which result in health problems, environment, and water pollution. With the help of the knowledge attained from this master’s programme, one can identify different pathogens and pests that are responsible for the damage and can evaluate their environmental and economic outcomes. It is possible to find solutions that are environmentally safe, socially acceptable, economically viable and meeting the requirements of sustainable cropping systems. With these skills, one can predict, forecast and identify the pest and disease problems and evaluate their economic and biological importance. Relate the biology, epidemiology and population dynamics of these problems to the occurrence and severity of, and control strategy for, their outbreaks. Evaluate the options for the management of these problems. Choose appropriate control measures for individual problems and combine them into integrated pest management systems.