Kenya civil society meetings, and individuals were not

Kenya
is a signatory of different human right conventions internationally. One is the
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) where it consists
of certain rights that should be protected by the state since they are a
signatory to it which include freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom
against torture and many more. The 
implementation of this convention to kenya was negatively not
implemented because the government occasionally interpreted laws in such a way
as to restrict freedom of expression. The prohibition on discussion of issues
under court consideration limited deliberation on a number of political issues,
although this restriction was relaxed in September 2009. The government
monitored many types of civil society meetings, and individuals were not always
allowed to criticize the government publicly. Also the citizens rights were
violated after the jubilee government rigged in their candidate and purported
that it was a free and fair election.

 

Another
convention is the convention against torture but In 2008 the IMLU received 772
cases alleging torture by security officers compared with 397 in 2005 although
it’s noted that the number of torture cases was likely higher but the
government did not investigate alleged cases of torture by security forces that
were documented by the IMLU and HRW from the Mount Elgon and El Wake security
operations in 2008. The government denied that security forces engaged in
torture and refused to prosecute individuals alleged to have participated in
torture during the two operations.

 

Another
convention is the convention of the rights of the child, it was also negatively
implemented because after the 8th august election 2017  the 
Human Rights Watch confirmed through multiple sources that police killed
at least 10 people, including a 6 month old baby, in Kisumu county alone. In
neighboring Siaya county, police fatally shot a protester near the town of
Siaya and beat a 17 year old boy to death in the outskirts of Ugunja, as they
pursued crowds of protesters into the villages. Human Rights Watch found no
evidence that protesters were armed or acted in a manner that could justify the
use of such force. Also two young men in their teens from the Nyaori area had
gunshot wounds. A witness said that police came into the homes of the two
teens, Onyango Otieno and Ochieng Gogo, on the morning of August 12th 2007 beat
them, then told them to run away and shot them in the back and took their
bodies away.

 

Kenya
is also a signatory to the Convention on the Status of Refugees (CSR) but it
was also negatively implemented because Security concerns, including rape,
banditry, and shooting, remained problems at both Dadaab and Kakuma refugee
camps. Health and social workers at the camps reported that due to strong rape
awareness programs, victims increasingly reported such incidents, resulting in
improved access to counseling, particularly in Kakuma refugee camp. Capital FM
a local radio station, reported that during the year approximately 300 crimes
in Dadaab were reported to UNHCR authorities of which almost two-thirds were
gender based crimes including 107 cases of reported sexual violence (rape,
attempted rape, sodomy, and defilement). Fifteen relief agencies followed a
code of conduct for humanitarian workers to further reduce incidents of sexual
abuse by agency staff in refugee camps.Other security and human rights problems
affecting refugees included persecution of Muslim converts to Christianity
community pressure against opponents of FGM, forced marriage, particularly of
young Sudanese and Somali girls and family objections to out of clan marriage.
At times these resulted in the kidnapping of spouses and children and domestic
abuse. The UNHCR, Ministry of Internal Security, and the Ministry of
Immigration reached an agreement to increase the police presence at all refugee
camps but the agreement remained unsigned at the end of the year.

 

Kenya
is also a signatory on the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the
Rights of Women in Africa. Its implementation was negatively implemented
because we see that during the 2007 election violence in kenya women were
beaten brutally and raped in large numbers.

 

Kenya
is also a signatory on the Covenant on Economic, Social and cultural rights. It
was also implemented negatively where we see that The law provides criminal
penalties for official corruption however, the government did not implement
these laws effectively and officials often engaged in corrupt practices with
impunity. The World Bank’s 2009 Worldwide Governance Indicators reflected that
control of corruption and rule of law were severe problems.In September a
report by the auditor general revealed that a total of 7.6 billion shillings
($95 million) was accounted for within the government’s ministries. The Mars
Group Kenya a local anti corruption NGO 
teamed up with the KACC during the year to assist in the investigation
regarding revenue leakages in government’s budget. In 2009 the media reported
on three major corruption cases linked to the government one involving oil one
involving education and one involving maize. A KACC report exonerated all of
the alleged participants. No one had been prosecuted in any of these cases by
the end of the year.

 

Kenya
also is a signatory on Convention on Discrimination Against women which was
evidently violated In 2008 police statistics indicated 627 rapes during the
year, but human rights groups estimated that more than 21,000 rapes were
confirmed annually. The rate of reporting and prosecution of rape remained low
because of the police practice requiring that survivors be examined by a police
physician cultural inhibitions against publicly discussing sex survivors’ fear
of retribution police reluctance to intervene, especially in case cases where
family members or friends were accused of committing the rape, poor training of
prosecutors and the unavailability of doctors who might provide the evidence
necessary for conviction.