Seventy-five in Nigeria is one of the most

Seventy-five
years ago William Beveridge published his report on Social Insurance and Allied Services which founded the British
welfare state, we have also seen it’s impact and influence on many other
countries social welfare models . The five giants ,which were explained by Beveridge
,were : Want (which addressed the main
social problem of poverty in Britain in the 1940’s), Disease (whereby the National Health Service act was passed), Ignorance (which stated secondary school
education should be compulsory while providing services such as meals and
medical needs), Squalor (reducing
the issue of housing shortages and overcrowding by building more housing) and
finally Idleness (keeping
unemployment rates low) B. William ,1962. These ‘five giants’ provide almost
a blueprint to a successful welfare model if all these needs are addressed. I
am going to discus the country of Sweden which I believe has fared well in
terms of social provision and compare it to Nigeria , a country which has poor
social welfare provisions in my opinion.

 

Sweden, a
country that follows a Nordic social welfare model and regarded highly in
social policy provision has abided by the ‘five giants’ to successfully provide
a fair social welfare system for the country funded by taxes. The Swedish
healthcare system is a public service operated by county councils which gives
everyone equal access to the services with the highest technology available and
routinely updates .This decentralised healthcare system was initiated by
Beveridges plea for Disease. This honourable
Swedish system is contrasted by the inadequate healthcare provision in Nigeria whereby the are an underwhelming amount of
both privately and publicly run healthcare establishments. The government fail
to provide sufficient infrastructure and access to drugs, supplies and
resources . Though recognising and addressing the deplorable healthcare issues,
the Nigerian Government have failed to implement any changes due to the poor
levels of economic growth. Dr. M.Osain ,2011. By not providing
satisfactory healthcare to its residents, Nigeria has still not successfully
combated the Disease giant set out by Beveridge and therefore has a failed
welfare model in my opinion.

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Housing conditions in Nigeria is one of
the most prominent social welfare problems that the country has failed to
handle under Beveridges report on squalor.

With the population rising from 40million in 1950’s to a staggering 170million
currently, the country is unable to provide decent housing to the population
and has resulted in a country that is severely over crowded and a majority of
the population living in slums and poverty with up to 50 people sharing one bathroomE.Rosenthall
,2012. The source of this problem is partly due to the culture of large
families in African countries with the average being 11 members per family in Nigeria.

In an effort to decrease this number in the hope to reduce over crowding, the government
made contraceptives free to their citizens, but it failed to provide any sufficient
results due to the lack of healthcare facilities and because of cultural
appropriations regarding contraceptives. There are essentially no benefits
provided by the government in terms of social housing the only financial
support being that loans are made available for building private housing. From my
understanding the Nigerian government will struggle with this issue for much
longer as poverty and overcrowding go hand in hand and the population shows no
sign of slowing down. As a juxtaposition to this crisis I will discuss Sweden’s
successful approach to housing aid.  The local
councils provide public housing which unlike many other European systems, are
not restricted by income and provide almost 20% of all Sweden’s housing stock CECODHAS,
2017. Social insurance in Sweden also provides benefits such as housing supplement
for pensioners and maintenance allowance along with a means tested housing allowance.

anon, gov.uk ,2017 providing these benefits increases the availability of accommodation
and also the accessibility and support for citizens to be able to afford their
rent/mortgages thus tackling the problem of over crowding and squalor addressed
in the ‘five giants’. 

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