Sustainable respecting the environment. The Sustainable Development Goals,

Sustainable
development is development that improves the living conditions in the present
without compromising the resources of future generations. It is about growing together, improving.the thinking of others
and respecting the environment.

The
Sustainable Development Goals, also known as the “Global Goals” are build
on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) which comprised of 8
anti-poverty targets that the world committed to achieving by 2015. The MDGs,
adopted in 2000, aimed at a number of issues that included eradicating poverty,
hunger, diseases, gender inequality, and access to clean water and sanitation.
Despite enormous progress achieved in the attainment of MDGs, the indignity of
poverty has not been ended for all by 2015.

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On
25 September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly formally adopted the
2030 Agenda for Sustainable,
Development, along with a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals and 169, associated targets, which
include ending poverty, fighting inequality and injustice, and tackling, climate change by 2030
among others.

Pakistan
adopted the SDGs on 27th September, 2015
and was the first country to adopt them through a unanimous resolution of
the parliament. The government has taken numerous steps to be able to achieve
these goals by 2030 such as establishing, SDG support units at provincial and federal level as well
as an SDG secretariat within the parliament. ,,

Furthermore, Pakistan
has also kicked off its Vision 2025
which is aimed to enable the country for joining the Upper Middle-Income Countries by 2025 and then the Top Ten Economics of the world by 2047.
Vision 2025 consists of 5 key enablers
and 7 pillars with 25 goals and is also totally aligned
with Sustainable, Development
Goals. In addition to this, Pakistan is also a part of China’s grand, vision of Road and Belt
Initiative (RBI) through China Pakistan Economic, Corridor (CPEC). RBI is
also being considered as the first regional attempt, towards attaining the SDGs.

·      SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND
TARGETS:

 

Shown in the picture
above are the 17 Goals and 164 Targets (summarized) of the Sustainable
Development Goals.

All the 17 Goals are
connected to UNDP’s Strategic Plan focus areas: sustainable, development, democratic
governance and peace building, & climate and disaster, resilience. Goal Number
1 on poverty, Number 10 on inequality and Number 16, on governance are particularly central to
UNDP’s current work and long-term,
plans.

 

·       
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS IN PAKISTAN:-

Pakistan was one of the
early nations who committed to declare the 2030 Agenda, for Sustainable Development as a national
agenda by adopting a resolution at the, National Assembly in February 2016.

PAKISTAN’S CHALLENGES:-

The main challenge in Pakistan
is to transform the ambitious 17, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) into
provincial strategies, policies, plans and budgets to be able to implement them
efficiently.

1.    
The biggest
challenge for Pakistan is the lack of political will, in a sense that usually
the government is not willing to work for the development for the country
rather they are more concerned with their personal interest as seen in the past
with Millennium Development Goals. But it seems that the government is
dedicated in playing their part in the implementation of Sustainable
Development Goals this time around. Political parties and leaders might agree
with the goals, but do not find them worthy of propagation.

 

2.    
The Sustainable
Development Goals include ‘ending poverty’ and ‘achieving zero hunger’ by 2030.Eradicating
poverty, in all its forms, is one of the greatest challenges being faced by the
humanity. Even though the number of people living in extreme poverty has
dropped by more
than half, from 1.9 billion (1990), to 836 million (2015), too many people are, still struggling to
meet their basic needs.

In case of
Pakistan, the government’s commitment to achieving the SDGs has yet to be
translated into an action plan. The first two goals — ending poverty and
achieving zero hunger — still await approval of a national food security
policy.

 

 

Pakistan ranks 79th out of 109 countries according to the Global Food
Security Index, also, it is estimated that approximately 40 % of children under
the age of, five
are underweight, according to a World Health Organization (WHO) survey.

The effects of hunger are not limited to an individual, rather the
economy as a whole gets affected it as iodine, iron and protein deficiencies
result in an annual,
loss of 3 to 4 % of the GDP. The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
estimated that 37.5mn people in Pakistan are inadequately nourished. Also, an
estimated 45 % of deaths in children under the age of five are caused by poor
nutrition.

3. Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all is also a
goal of sustainable development along with providing every individual with
quality education. The focus of this goal is to put an end to the epidemics of
AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and other communicable diseases by 2030.

In Pakistan, the health of mother and child is severely distressed. According
to, UNICEF Pakistan
ranks at the bottom when it comes to infant and neonatal, mortality despite significant
improvements over the past two decades. According to statistics, 44 % of all
children are stunted and 9.6 million suffer from chronic malnutrition. Also,
Pakistan has the third highest rate of infant mortality in the, world.

Even though the situation is comparatively better in the education
sector, millions of children are deprived of education. The Annual Status of
Education Report (ASER) 2015 survey found that 20 % of the children aged 6-16
years were out of schools and the remaining 80 % are not provided with
conditions adequate for learning.

 

4. Another major
challenge that Pakistan is facing is the feeble budget allocation, for development. In the
fiscal year 2016-17, provincial and federal governments, have given priority to SDG related
budgets,, but they
must be spent, too, in time,
with maximum multipliers across sectors. The reason of this is not the
lack of capacity rather it is the lack of bureaucratic will. Moreover, even if
proper budget is allocated, it is not utilized properly, for example, in Sindh
52 % of government primary schools are without toilets and 40 % don’t have clean
drinking water. Furthermore, Pakistan is identified as one of the most
vulnerable countries to,
climate change which threatens food, water and energy security. Even the, devastating, natural disasters such
as earthquake and floods have failed to make the government to pay the required
attention and divert resources to respond to the, threats, and risks.

5. Gender Equality is
said to be a ‘distant dream’ as it’s impossible to achieve this goal in
Pakistan. The main reason of which is the ‘cultural impediment’ which includes
the people’s ancient mindset that the society should be male-oriented; also it
is not possible to change their rigid stance on how the ways of their society
should be. This hinders the women from ever getting equal to the men.

6. Lack of
accountability in the country is another obstacle in the development process.
Any person with power can get away with any crime as there is no one who would
hold him responsible for his actions. 
The absence of effective monitoring and supervision has resulted in
rampant corruption which is causing a chaos in the country.

7. Human development
has been eclipsed because of the lack of infrastructural development. Pakistan
lacks the basic infrastructure required for the development of the people and
the country as Pakistan lacks the fundamental elements required for development
such as: sufficient energy, sustained economic growth, just and strong
institutions, clean drinking water and above all income equality.

8. One of the many
problems in Pakistan includes the massive rates of unemployment. As per
pertinent research studies, Pakistan needs to create 2 million jobs yearly to
ingest out-of-work youth throughout the following three decades. The nation desperately requires resuscitating and
growing the manufacturing base to address this unemployment problem.

Keeping the aforementioned
and the various unmentioned challenged faced by Pakistan, it is observed that executing
the SDGs is said to be a colossal test, particularly for Pakistan as it is already
facing a certain degree of political disengagement and is clearly inconclusive about the path
it wishes to take for going ahead.

STEPS TAKEN BY PAKISTAN FOR ACHIEVING THE SDGs SO
FAR:-

In the Sustainable
Development Goals (SDGs) lies the solution to Pakistan’s three, focal challenges: development,
democracy and protection. Execution of the, UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, if perceived
as an incorporated,
strategy, will lead to long-term economic prosperity & human and, environmental
development in Pakistan.

The preparedness of
Pakistan to deliver on 2030 targets is among, some of the top in the world, raising expectations
that it would not repeat its terrible execution of, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
when it missed, almost
all the targets.

As opposed to popular
belief, achieving the SDGs is not an inconceivable accomplishment. A, human-centered
rights-based approach,
across all sustainable, development
goals will not only help end poverty, but simultaneously bring, improvements, in the quality of life, the environment, and governance for the, nation.

The Government of
Pakistan has taken various measures to facilitate the process of achieving the
Sustainable Development Goals by 2030.

      I.           
PAKISTAN POVERTY
ALLEVIATION FUND (PPAF):-

It is established by
the Government of Pakistan as an autonomous non-profit company. So far, it is
working across 130 districts in the country with 130 partner organizations.

PPAF is a leading
institution focused on eliminating poverty in Pakistan. It facilitates
public-private partnerships that have a, mutual goal to achieve the social, and economic change in Pakistan by
addressing the multi-dimensional issues of, poverty. 

PPAF aims to promote an
effective approach towards poverty alleviation through, various programs and strategies, devised
to have an impact from community level onwards.

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